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Helpful 3 Not Helpful 0 Prune these branches to 10 inches (25 cm. All young fruit trees need some pruning to get them off to a good start. Plum Trees Shapes. It is known that over 1000 cultivars of plum are grown for drying and some of the most popular varieties are the improved French prune, Tulare Giant, Sutter, Imperial, Moyer, Greengage and Italian prune. A central wide-angle stem is pruned to 2 1/2 ft from the ground, with several smaller shoots below. This means opening up the centre of the tree to let in the light. Thinning fruits can be regarded as the first stage of pruning, as it reduces strain on the branches. Pruning helps balance the top growth of your tree with the root system, giving the roots time to re-establish in your yard before spring growth. So the ideal is to prune it to a good shape in the early years and then just maintain that shape as time goes on. Follow our guide below on why, when and how to prune. July and August is the best time to prune plums in most Northern Hemisphere locations. Plum trees are best pruned in a vase format to get a short trunk … The answer to that question is simple, prune your plum tree when it's growing strongly and for established plum trees early June to mid July is the best time. Also, prune off any branches that aren't producing fruit. To produce healthy fruit, plum trees will benefit from a yearly pruning. Do not prune it in winter /spring because the risk of fungal infection is high and don't prune it in autumn because the leaves are needed by the tree to transfer nutrients to it as they die. When working with a Japanese plum look to see what interferes with the shape of the tree. Developing a strong foundation is essential to the life of any fruit tree. The first is to establish a good shape. Name – Prunus domestica Family – Rosaceae Type – fruit tree. Although plum tree pruning is not difficult, it’s important. Take a few minutes to watch this (three-part) YouTube video produced by the Alabama Cooperative Extension: Video1: Video2: Video3: As you can see, there are various times of the year where pruning your trees is more beneficial than others. Young plums are generally pruned in early spring, before bud break, in order to avoid infection by silver leaf disease. Anyone can trim plums, but timing is important, as is consistency. Read more about 'Pruning a Central Leader Fruit Tree'... Fruit Tree Pruning - Videos Winter plum tree pruning should be avoided because it can leave the tree prone to infection by silver leaf disease. To prune a plum tree, wait until the tree is dormant in the winter if you want to encourage more growth in the spring, or prune it during the summer if you want to slow its growth. Not all fruiting plants require an annual prune, and some new dwarf cultivars of apples, peaches, apricots and nectarines have been bred to eliminate the need for annual pruning and maintenance. Also, prune off any branches that aren't producing fruit. Be sure that there are at least three buds below. The best time to prune the plum tree is from the middle of June until August. Plums are a diverse group of species. Plum trees can be prone to silver leaf disease if pruned in winter, so cut them back in summer to encourage the development of bushy growth, which stops them becoming too large and unmanageable. The bright leaves begin falling, and some large limbs look a little iffy. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! The Open Center or Vase type pruning iswell adapted to the stone fruits that have a spreading habit. Use secateurs to cut back this season’s growth of the main shoots or ‘leaders’ to half their length. The shape you want to achieve is an Open Centre, also known as the Vase Shape, as this method lets plenty of light and air into the centre of the tree. The health of your plum tree depends upon pruning to keep it stimulated. This is a fungal disease of the leaves and wood to which plum, apple, apricot and cherry trees are prone. In our area, as leftovers from earlier orchard methods, we also see many old trees pruned in the Umbrellamethod. Fig trees are hardy and can thrive without pruning. Pruning your plum tree helps to balance out the branch structure and give it a characteristic shape. While winter pruning is recommended for many fruit trees, you will find that plum trees are best pruned in late summer/early fall. The commercially important plum trees are medium-sized, usually pruned to 5–6 metres (16–20 ft) height. Always make the cut just above a bud. Mix and match on over 20 varieties of dahlia and pay just £4 per plant. Learn how to trim one and the rest will be easy, as the base principles of pruning are the same. Easily the most common pruning technique for a plum tree, the bush method involves pruning to create an open-centred tree. Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. Not all fruiting plants require an annual prune, and some new dwarf cultivars of apples, peaches, apricots and nectarines have been bred to eliminate the need for annual pruning and maintenance. Properly pruned plum trees also insure that the right amount of sunlight and airflow are able to reach deep with the tree and allow all of the fruit to flourish. Fruit trees need pruning for two primary purposes: to establish the basic structure, and to provide light channels throughout the tree so that all the fruit can mature well. All young fruit trees need some pruning to get them off to a good start. 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