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Its two-crew glass cockpit, a first for a Boeing airliner, was developed jointly for the 757 − a narrow-body aircraft, allowing a common pilot type rating. The airliner was launched as the 7X7 project on July 14, 1978, the prototype first flew on September 26, 1981, and it was certified on July 30, 1982. [2] As of July 2018, 34 of the variant were in airline service. CST-100 Starliner Test Article domes mated into full capsule for first time at Kennedy Space Center. The aircraft would have combined the Boeing 767-300 with a Boeing 757 cross section mounted over the rear fuselage. All these are Boeing 767-300ER, ER extended range. In 1982, United Airlines became the first airline to use the 767 in its fleet. Wing span 47.6 m 156.168 ft : Length 54.9 m 180.118 ft : Height 15.9 m 52.165 ft : Powerplant 2 x P&W … [77] Customers embraced the 7E7, later renamed 787 Dreamliner, and within two years it had become the fastest-selling airliner in the company's history. [5][45] Deliveries of the type totaled 121 with no unfilled orders. Since then, the 767 has continued to … [8] On September 26, 1981, the prototype took its maiden flight under the command of company test pilots Tommy Edmonds, Lew Wallick, and John Brit. [209][210], On February 23, 2019, Atlas Air Flight 3591, a Boeing 767-300ERF air freighter operating for Amazon Air, crashed into Trinity Bay near Houston, Texas, while on descent into George Bush Intercontinental Airport; both pilots and the single passenger were killed. [175] Boeing Business Jets. [5] The 747 was the first passenger jet wide enough to feature a twin-aisle cabin. [21] Each wing features a supercritical airfoil cross-section and is equipped with six-panel leading edge slats, single- and double-slotted flaps, inboard and outboard ailerons, and six spoilers. [145] The 767-300F can hold up to 24 standard 88-by-125-inch (220 by 320 cm) pallets on its main deck and up to 30 LD2 unit load devices on the lower deck,[27] with a total cargo volume of 15,469 cubic feet (438 m3). Introducing the 767-400 Extended Range Airplane. [75] The first KC-767s were delivered in 2008 to the Japan Self-Defense Forces. But not every airline wanted to operate something quite so large. [212][213] It was withdrawn from use and stored at Hartsfield–Jackson Atlanta International Airport in 2006. United Airlines was the first operator of the 767, flying the 767-200 back in 1982.Within just a couple of years, Boeing released the 767-200ER, a plane that offered significant improvements in range. 737 MAX. [93], At the inauguration of its new assembly line, the 767's order backlog numbered approximately 50, only enough for production to last until 2013. Both types have the same digital two … [5][36] The first four aircraft were equipped with JT9D engines, while the fifth and sixth were fitted with CF6 engines. [98] In February 2018, UPS announced an order for 4 more 767-300Fs to increase the total on order to 63. The 767-300 featured an extended fuselage which allowed for more passenger seating and first appeared in 1986 - becoming the definitive 767 body variant. [80] Some aging 767s, exceeding 20 years in age, were also kept in service past planned retirement dates due to the delays. [107], The 767 is a low-wing cantilever monoplane with a conventional tail unit featuring a single fin and rudder. The 767-300F can haul 116,000 lb with a range of 3,225 NM. [67][68] The type completed its first flight on October 9, 1999, and entered service with Continental Airlines on September 14, 2000. "Northrop pulls out of tanker bidding war.". The Boeing 767-400 is a development of the Boeing 767-300 with a stretched fuselage (6,47m / 21 ft 3in) and increased wing span (+4,42m / 14ft 6in). Kenya Airways then switched its order to the 777-200ER. [38] Following 1,600 hours of flight tests, the JT9D-powered 767-200 received certification from the US Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) and the UK Civil Aviation Authority (CAA) in July 1982. [186] Investigators determined that an electronically controlled valve, common to late-model Boeing aircraft, was to blame. Both have extended range versions, and Boeing even went back a third time on the Boeing 777-200 to develop the LR version (long-range). The Boeing 767 is a wide-body airliner developed and manufactured by Boeing Commercial Airplanes. Type. There were no fatalities and only minor injuries. The two lower holds of the airplane provide 3,282 cubic feet (92.9 m³) for seven containers and bulk loading. [124] Some operators have adopted a simpler modification known as the Enhanced Interior, featuring curved ceiling panels and indirect lighting with minimal modification of cabin architecture,[127] as well as aftermarket modifications such as the NuLook 767 package by Heath Tecna. "762" or "763". [101] A demand for 50 to 60 aircraft could have to be satisfied. It can carry between 283 and 368 passengers. The aircraft has two turbofan engines, a conventional tail, and, for reduced aerodynamic drag, a supercritical wing design. [53] By 1988, the 767-X had evolved into an all-new twinjet, which revived the 777 designation. Boeing 767-300ER Specs and Engine A wing of a large area made it possible to develop an increased mass variant based on the Boeing 767-200. In addition, more than 2,600 people were killed in the towers or on the ground. [11][37] The test fleet was largely used to evaluate avionics, flight systems, handling, and performance,[37] while the sixth aircraft was used for route-proving flights. [130] It is the most successful version of the aircraft, with more orders placed than all other variants combined. The world's largest and most efficient twin-engine jet. After being initially used on U.S. transcontinental routes, that was extended with ETOPS regulations from 1985 and it is frequently used on transatlantic flights. [2] As of July 2018, 21 examples of passenger and freighter conversion versions were in airline service. [132] The 767-200SF was positioned as a replacement for Douglas DC-8 freighters. The Boeing 767 is a mid- to large-size, long-range, wide-body twin-engine jet airliner built by Boeing Commercial Airplanes. [91] The aircraft was the 91st 767-300ER ordered by the Japanese carrier, and with its completion the 767 became the second wide-body airliner to reach the thousand-unit milestone after the 747. [65] The variant was specifically aimed at Delta Air Lines' pending replacement of its aging Lockheed L-1011 TriStars, and faced competition from the A330-200, a shortened derivative of the Airbus A330. This was Boeing’s first new model after the introduction of the Boeing 747 and was designed to take over the market that was serviced by the ageing Boeing 707 and Douglas DC8 . [11] The 767-200ER entered service with El Al Airline on March 27, 1984. [143], At its 1990s peak, a new 767-300ER was valued at $85 million, dipping to around $12 million in 2018 for a 1996 build. It was stretched into the 767-300 in October 1986, followed by the 767-300ER in 1988, the most popular variant. [76], In late 2002, after airlines expressed reservations about its emphasis on speed over cost reduction,[77] Boeing halted development of the Sonic Cruiser. "767's maiden O'Hare landing is automatic". [83], In 2007, the 767 received a production boost when UPS and DHL Aviation placed a combined 33 orders for the 767-300F. [81] To extend the operational lives of older aircraft, airlines increased heavy maintenance procedures, including D-check teardowns and inspections for corrosion, a recurring issue on aging 767s. [11] The engines were mounted approximately one-third the length of the wing from the fuselage, similar to previous wide-body trijets. [27] A general market version with onboard freight-handling systems, refrigeration capability, and crew facilities was delivered to Asiana Airlines on August 23, 1996. [43], After the debut of the first stretched 767s, Boeing sought to address airline requests for greater capacity by proposing larger models, including a partial double-deck version informally named the "Hunchback of Mukilteo" (from a town near Boeing's Everett factory) with a 757 body section mounted over the aft main fuselage. Boeing 767-200. [2] All 37 examples of the -400ER were in service in July 2018. [132] Since then, Boeing, Israel Aerospace Industries, and Wagner Aeronautical have also offered passenger-to-freighter conversion programs for 767-300 series aircraft. The Boeing 767-300ER passenger aircraft were purchased from Delta Air Lines and Canada's WestJet, both of which used the aircraft for long-haul international flights. $7.56. Introducing the 777X. The 767 Freighter is capable of ferrying more than 60 tons of revenue payload 3,765 nautical miles (6,972.8 km). As of 2020 "The Spirit of Delta" N102DA (Ship 102.) [50], Buoyed by a recovering global economy and ETOPS approval, 767 sales accelerated in the mid-to-late 1980s; 1989 was the most prolific year with 132 firm orders. Called the 767-400ERX, this future derivative would be the same size as the 767-400ER but have more range than the 767-300ER. [6] Two years later, the manufacturer began a development study, code-named 7X7, for a new wide-body aircraft intended to replace the 707 and other early generation narrow-body jets. The Boeing 767-300 is a two-engined medium-to-long-range widebody airliner with a capacity of maximum 351 passengers produced by the American manufacturer Boeing Commercial Airplanes. [35] The maiden flight was largely uneventful, save for the inability to retract the landing gear because of a hydraulic fluid leak. Photo: Getty Images Range. [8][114] The 767 became the first aircraft to receive CAT IIIb certification from the FAA for landings with 980 feet (300 m) minimum visibility in 1984. [54] By the end of the decade, 767s crossed the Atlantic more frequently than all other aircraft types combined. –200 or –300, into a truncated form, e.g. The 767-400ER is the only production version of the 767-400. 787. BOEING 767-300ER. It was Boeing's first wide-body twinjet and its first airliner with a two-crew glass cockpit. Presented in 18 languages with an interactive library. United States of America. [128], The 767 has been produced in three fuselage lengths. H-47 Chinook. [109][110] The 767 has left-side exit doors near the front and rear of the aircraft. [63][64], In November 1995, after abandoning development of a smaller version of the 777, Boeing announced that it was revisiting studies for a larger 767. [44] The type features a 21.1-foot (6.43-metre) stretch over the 767-300, for a total length of 201.25 feet (61.3 m). [120] An early form of fly-by-wire is employed for spoiler operation, utilizing electric signaling instead of traditional control cables. [2] There were 376 examples in service as of July 2018[update]. [65] In March 1997, Delta Air Lines launched the 767-400ER when it ordered the type to replace its L-1011 fleet. [136], The largest 767 customers by orders have been Delta Air Lines with 117, FedEx Express (130), All Nippon Airways (96), American Airlines (88), and United Airlines (82). [144], The 767-300F, the production freighter version of the 767-300ER, entered service with UPS Airlines in 1995. Get a Quick Quote To complement the larger 747, it has a seven-abreast cross-section, accommodating smaller LD2 ULD cargo containers. It was stretched again into the 767-400ER from September 2000. [7] Boeing targeted a 20 to 30 percent cost saving over earlier aircraft, mainly through new engine and wing technology. It was stretched into the 767-300 in October 1986, followed by the 767-300ER in 1988, the most popular variant. [70] [7] At this stage the proposed aircraft featured two or three engines, with possible configurations including over-wing engines and a T-tail. The Boeing 767 is a low wing, twin-engined, long-range jet airliner which was Boeings’ first wide-body twin-jet. … This aircraft sets new standards in fuel efficiency and performance, increasing its range by 19 percent to over 3,850 nautical miles. Designed for foreign customers, the 767-200ER (Extended Range – increased flight range) was distinguished by a maximum take-off weight increased to 156490 kg and an increased fuel reserve. [27], In addition to shared avionics and computer technology, the 767 uses the same auxiliary power unit, electric power systems, and hydraulic parts as the 757. [4] One additional example was produced as a military testbed, and later sold as a VIP transport. The original 767-200 entered service on September 8 with United Airlines, and the extended-range 767-200ER in 1984. Up to 24 containers or pallets, each measuring 88 by 124 inches (5.4m) at the base, fit on the main deck of the 767 Freighter. Boeing announced that it was developing a stretched development of the 767-200 in February 1982. [42] Operators reported generally favorable ratings for the twinjet's sound levels, interior comfort, and economic performance. Thrust would rise to 72,000 lbf (320 kN) for better takeoff performance, with the Trent 600 or the General Electric/Pratt & Whitney Engine Alliance GP7172, also offered on the 747X. [36], The 10-month 767 flight test program utilized the first six aircraft built. In Economy Class, extra legroom seats provide … [43] An optional mid-cabin exit door is positioned ahead of the wings on the left,[27] while more powerful Pratt & Whitney PW4000 and Rolls-Royce RB211 engines later became available. [116] To retain operational commonality, the LCD screens can be programmed to display information in the same manner as earlier 767s. [21] Both jet engine models had a maximum output of 48,000 pounds-force (210 kN) of thrust. [86] Net orders for the 767 declined from 24 in 2008 to just three in 2010. Let’s take a look at the development of this significant aircraft and the difference between the 767-200 and the 767-300. Max cruising speed 900km/h (486kt), economical cruising speed 850km/h (460kt). Rolls-Royce offered its 68,000–72,000 lbf (300–320 kN) Trent 600 for the 767-400ERX and the Boeing 747X. The Boeing 767 the prototype first flew on September 26, 1981, and it was certified on July 30, 1982. With its massive passenger capacity and the low cost of jet fuel at the time, suddenly flying became affordable for a much larger proportion of society. The original 767-200 entered service on September 8 with United Airlines, and the extended-range 767-200ER in 1984. Next-Generation 737. [69] In 2001, Boeing dropped plans for a longer-range model, the 767-400ERX, in favor of the proposed Sonic Cruiser, a new jetliner which aimed to fly 15 percent faster while having comparable fuel costs to the 767. E-767 Airborne Warning and Control Systems (AWACS) use combat-proven mission systems to provide powerful airborne surveillance, communications and battle management. 777. [122], The 767 interior introduced larger overhead bins and more lavatories per passenger than previous aircraft. [50], The 767-300, the first stretched version of the aircraft, entered service with Japan Airlines in 1986. American Airlines Flight 11, a 767-200ER, crashed into the North Tower, killing all 92 people on board, and United Airlines Flight 175, a 767-200, crashed into the South Tower, with the death of all 65 on board. [10], In the late 1970s, operating cost replaced capacity as the primary factor in airliner purchases. 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